Exotic reptiles: Python molurus Python molurus

Exotic reptiles: Python molurus Python molurus

Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Reptiles
Order: Squamati
Suborders: Snakes
Family: Pythonidae
Genre: Python
Species: P. molurus Linnaeus, 1758

The python moluro (or Indian rock python) is native to southern Asia. It is a species highly appreciated by amateur breeders.


The moluro python is one of the largest snakes in the world together with the reticulated python and green allanaconda. In fact, it reaches considerable dimensions, the females can even go beyond 5 meters, instead the males remain smaller and rarely exceed 5 meters, however they are always snakes that are not easy to manage. Growth time is, as always for snakes, strongly influenced by feeding.

Moluro python - Python molurus Linnaeus, 1758 (photo

Habitat and terrarium

Habitat: rainforests, river edges and swamps.
Terrarium: the minimum dimensions of the terrarium for an adult specimen are 100x50x35 / 40 cm.
The substrate can be made of coconut fiber, shavings, paper cloth or others.
In the terrarium there must be at least two dens, one in the hot zone and one in the cold zone where the snake can take refuge.

Temperature and humidity

Temperature: from 25 ° to 32 ° C in the daytime, with a drop of 2 or 3 ° C at night.
Humidity: 60-80%, it is important that the snake has a basin of water where it can drink or immerse itself completely.
If the humidity in the terrarium is correct, the snake will make a perfect pack, otherwise if the old skin remains attached to it, you can immerse it in warm water for at least 10 minutes and remove it manually.


- Baby: every 5 days with mice.
- Subadults: every 7 days with rats.
- Adults: every 7/10 days with rabbits.

Lack of appetite: it can happen to run into a lame child, there are many ways to convince him to eat:
- move the mouse with tweezers around the snake's muzzle;
- pierce the mouse skull causing brain matter to escape (the smell will make the snake understand that it is a mouse);
- insert the mouse's head into the snake's mouth and see if he continues the work;
- remain the mouse in the terrarium for a whole day without going to disturb the snake;
- if none of these work, take it to an expert veterinarian for forced feeding.


Before introducing a new guest into the house, it is advisable to have a vet analyzed by a vet with a parasitological examination, and occasionally check the snake's skin for mites, also check in the bowl of water. Mites present as small black dots visible to the naked eye. Strange attitude, loud breathing, sudden loss of appetite are certainly bad signs and must be reported as soon as possible to a competent veterinarian.


The python moluro and among the ophidians on average reproducible in captivity. However, following these simple tips you can successfully reproduce.
Before any mating, check that the specimens are in excellent health, and that the female must be at least one meter long and weigh more than a kilogram and be about two and a half years old, while the male is at least one year old .
To encourage mating, two months of misting are recommended: less hours of light, temperature from 23-25 ​​° C, humidity from 50% to 70%, lower than those of the activity period. After the period of brumation, within 10-15 days, we should slowly bring the humidity temperature values ​​and the lighting hours back to normal. After more than a month after awakening, the male will be placed in the female's terrarium, about three times a day for a few weeks, after two and a half months the female will lay from thirty to eighty eggs.

curated by Nicola Fontanella

Video: How to Breed Burmese Pythons (November 2021).