Breeds of dogs: Finnish Spitz

Breeds of dogs: Finnish Spitz

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Finland.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

The recent history of the Finnish Spitz (Suomenpystykorva) is confused with that of the Finnish people. This type of dog has always been used by the Finnish people for hunting, for guarding, for custody, for shooting and also, oddly enough, to feed themselves and to dress with their skin. Obviously it was also used for towing sleds. In the 19th century, this breed risked extinction, due to the crossbreeding with other Scandinavian breeds, which had compromised its morphological and behavioral characteristics and also its use in hunting. The breed standard was drawn up in 1892 by the Finnish Kennel Club. In the early twentieth century, to try to avoid the extinction of the breed, hunters organized several expeditions in the northern Lapland region, to find typical specimens. In this way the race was saved. This dog was therefore saved by those who wanted to have a valuable auxiliary in hunting feathered game. Over the years, the breed has specialized in hunting capercaillie, rock ptarmigan and grouse. Quite widespread in Finland, where it is still used for its historical use and also as a good companion for the family. Outside of his homeland it is very rare. In 1927, Mr. Edward Chichester imported the breed to Great Britain, where it was officially recognized in 1935. Currently almost unknown in Italy.

General aspect

Medium size dog, Spitz type. This breed has an almost square body. Its bearing is haughty and lively. Red fur, with pointed head. It is a very frugal breed, which does not require much care. Its beautiful red fur is covered with a natural secret that removes parasites and is repellent to dirt. To keep her hair perfectly, just one brushing every week is enough. It has a thick and soft isothermal fluff for undercoat, which acts as an insulator both in the cold and in the heat, therefore it can adapt well to any type of climate. Its fur also has the particularity of drying quickly when it gets wet.


The Finns are very keen to preserve the character qualities in this breed, which they consider unique. Every year in this country, a competition is organized to proclaim the "king" of the Finnish Spitz, which consists of character tests. Gay, brave, loyal dog.
Like all Nordic dogs it has a very independent character. It is a breed that needs a master who knows how to exercise his authority through a continuous work of persuasion. Once attached to a person, he becomes obedient and faithful. Very intelligent and smart breed. She loves to run on all kinds of terrain and loves to be outdoors as much as possible. It is a good companion dog, suitable for being together with the family. This dog loves swimming.

Finnish Spitz puppies (photo

Finnish Spitz (photo

Finnish Spitz puppy (photo


- males between 44 and 50 cm
- females between 39 and 45 cm.
Weight: varies from 14 to 16 kg.

Trunk: straight back and strong. Deep chest. Belly slightly retracted.
Head and muzzle: medium size, dry, with slightly arched forehead; pronounced stop. Narrow, dry muzzle, which gradually sharpens. Tight, thin and black lips.
Black truffle.
Teeth: complete in development and number. Very strong.
Neck: muscular, which in males appears rather short due to the strength of the coat, and in females of medium length.
Ears: straight, pointed, very mobile.
Eyes: medium in size, lively, preferably dark.
Limbs: strong forelegs. Strong hindquarters; average hock angle. Preferably round feet.
Shoulder: relatively straight.
Pace: loose and easy.
Musculature: very well developed, masked by thick hair.
Tail: arches vigorously from the base; at the bottom and back it stands against the thigh and extends to the middle thigh. When stretched, the tail usually reaches the hock.
Hair: the hair on the head and on the limbs, except for the rear part of the thighs, is short and close to the body; more erect and longer hair on the body, particularly on the neck and back. On the shoulders, especially in males, the hair is considerably longer and harder. On the back of the thighs the hair is dense and long, as well as on the tail. Short, soft, closed, light-colored undercoat.
Allowed colors: on the brown-red or yellow-red back, preferably bright. In a lighter tone inside the ears, on the cheeks, under the muzzle, on the chest, on the abdomen, inside the limbs, on the back of the thighs and under the tail. A lighter strip from the withers to the chest on the shoulder blades. White spots on the feet and a thin white stripe on the chest and some black hair on the lips and along the back may be allowed.
Most common defects: fleshy head, rough muzzle, ears pointed forward at an acute angle or ends directed outwards or inwards, ears bent backwards or with relaxed points or with long hairs inside, yellow or discolored eyes, elbows turned inside, metacarpals or metatarsals too weak, tail released or too curled, coat too long, coat soft or short, fur closed or wavy, hair or color dirty, incorrect gait, monorchidism, enognatismo.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Finnish Spitz - An Owners Manual Part 1 - Understanding Your Dog (January 2022).