Production regulations - Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva Docg
Recognition of the controlled and guaranteed designations of origin of the wine
Castles of Jesi Verdicchio Riserva
Denomination and wines
The denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" is reserved for "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" and "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" Classico which correspond to the conditions and requirements established in this production specification.
The wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin, referred to in article 1, must be obtained from the grapes of the Verdicchio vine, present in the company, for a minimum of 85%.
Other white grape varieties, present within the company, suitable for cultivation for the Marche region, jointly or separately, can contribute for a maximum of 15%.
The production area of the grapes used to produce wines with a controlled and guaranteed designation of originCastelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva and «Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva» Classico falls within the provinces of Ancona and Macerata.
This area is delimited as follows: it starts from the meeting point of the municipal borders of Filottrano - Jesi - Cingoli and follows, at the entrance of the Fosso Umbricara on the Musone River, the river itself until it meets the town of Castreccioni. Hence the direction Castreccioni - Palazzo to follow the provincial road, which passes through Palazzo, up to Annunziata, runs through the area of San Lorenzo up to the Apiro - Poggio San Vicino road near Case Tosti at an altitude of 280.
It then follows this up to where it intersects with the municipal border of Poggio San Vicino - Apiro. Then follows the municipal border between Apiro and Poggio San Vicino up to the municipal border of Serra SanQuirico (also provincial border) and Poggio San Vicino, up to the municipal border of Fabriano, then the municipal border between Fabriano and Serra San Quirico up to the cemetery of SantElia (in the near the entrance to the road to the hamlet of Grotte) and from this point it joins the Domo - Serra San Quiricoche road which runs until the intersection with the state road no. 76. Follows this state road to Borgo Stazione di Serra San Quirico, then passes through the towns of Trivio, Vado, Colle di Corte, Montefortino, Palazzo and Montefiore, following the road that leads first to Arcevia and then to Castelleone di Suasa and then in the vicinity of the Ruspoli farm, meets the Ancona - Pesaro provincial border. It runs along this border to the municipal border between Corinaldo and Monterado. It follows the municipal border of Corinald with the municipalities of Monterado, Castelcolonna, Ripe and Ostra and then enters its meeting on the road that passes San Gregorio, Pianello and Santa Maria Apparve and reaches Ostra. Follow the road from Ostra to Massa to the Tripozio stream, which follows up to the municipal border between Senigallia and MorrodAlba. It then continues along the municipal boundaries between Senigallia and Morro dAlba and then Morro dAlba and Monte San Vito, Monte San Vito - San Marcello, San Marcello - Monsano and San Marcello and Jesi.
It continues along the municipal border between Jesi and the municipalities of Maiolati Spontini, Castelbellino, Monteroberto, San Paolo di Jesi, Stàffolo and Cingoli until they rejoin the river Musone.
The use of the Classic term is reserved for the wine obtained from grapes harvested in the original, older area.
This area consists of that delimited by this article with the exclusion of the territories located on the left of the Misa River and of the territories belonging to the municipalities of Ostra and Senigallia in the province of Ancona.
Rules for viticulture
The environmental and cultivation conditions of the vineyards destined for the production of the controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin wine "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" and "Castelli di Jesi VerdicchioRiserva" Classico must be the traditional ones of the area or, in any case, suitable for giving the grapes edai wines derived from the specific characteristics.
The planting layouts, training systems and pruning systems must be those generally used or in any case suitable for not changing the characteristics of the grapes and wine.
The pergola training system called awning is prohibited.
Rescue irrigation is allowed.
The vineyards planted after the entry into force of this specification (new and replanted), must have a density of at least 2,200 vines per hectare.
The grape yield per hectare of the wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin «Castelli di JesiVerdicchio Riserva» and «Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva» Classico, is 10 tons per hectare, at the limit, even in exceptionally favorable years, the yield must be reported through an accurate selection of the grapes, provided that the total production of the vineyard does not exceed the maximum limit of 20%.
If this limit is exceeded, all production loses the right to the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin.
The Marche Region, upon proposal of the protection Consortium recognized in accordance with current legislation, exempted the category Organizations, with their own decree, from year to year, before the harvest, taking into account environmental and cultivation conditions, can establish a maximum production limit per hectare lower than that established by this specification, immediately communicating it to the competent control body.
The grapes destined for winemaking, must guarantee the wine with the controlled denomination of origin "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" and "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" Classico following minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume:
Castles of Jesi Verdicchio Reserve 12.00
Castles of Jesi Verdicchio Classic Reserve 12.00
Rules for winemaking
The vinification, aging and bottling operations must be carried out within the municipalities whose territory falls, in whole or in part, in the production area delimited in the previous art. 3.
However, taking into account some traditional situations in the area, it is the faculty of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to allow, upon reasoned request, the carrying out of the above operations, to those companies that having factories located in the provinces of Ancona and Macerata prove to have carried out traditionally called operations.
It is also possible for the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to allow the aforementioned operations to be carried out, upon justified request, to those Companies which have factories within the branch within 2 km from the border of the production area referred to in art. 3 and having vineyards that can be registered in the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva vineyards also with the Classico specification, proves to have vinified pertinent grapes from the above area, to produce wines with a controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva also with the Classic specification, provided that the aforementioned operations were carried out before the entry into force of this production specification.
In accordance with article 8 of EC Reg. N. 607/2009, bottling or packaging must take place in the aforementioned defined geographical area to safeguard quality and reputation;
in addition, to safeguard the pre-established rights of the subjects who traditionally carried out bottling outside the delimited production area, individual authorizations are provided for under the conditions set out in article 10, paragraphs 3 and 4 of Legislative Decree no. 61/2010.
In winemaking only loyal and constant oenological practices are admitted, capable of giving the vinyl their peculiar characteristics.
The maximum yield of the grapes in finished wine, ready for consumption, must not exceed 70%.
If it exceeds this limit, but not 75%, the surplus is not entitled to the denomination of origin controlled and guaranteed; more than 75% the right to the controlled denomination of origin is guaranteed for the whole product.
Enrichment is prohibited. Sweetening according to EU and national rules is allowed.
Before being released for consumption, the wine must undergo an aging period of at least 18 months, at least 6 of which in the bottle.
The aging period starts on December 1st of the year of grape production.
The wines with denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin «Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva» also with the classic specification, when released for consumption, must meet the following characteristics:
Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva (also with the classic specification)
- color: more or less intense straw yellow;
- smell: delicate, characteristic;
- flavor: dry, harmonious with a pleasantly bitter aftertaste;
- minimum total alcoholic strength: 12.50% vol;
- minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / lt;
- minimum non-reducing extract: 17.0 g / l.
In relation to the possible storage in wooden containers, the flavor of the wines can reveal a slight wooden sensation.
It is the faculty of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to modify by its decree the limits of total acidity and of the minimum non-reducing extract.
Designation and presentation
The labeling of the wines with controlled and guaranteed designation of origin "Castelli di Jesi VerdicchioRiserva" and "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" Classico, must include the year of production of the grapes.
The addition of any qualification not expressly provided for in this production specification is prohibited from the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin "Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" and "Castellidi Jesi Verdicchio Riserva" Classico.
However, the use of indications that refer to: names, company names, private brands that have no laudative meaning and are not suitable for misleading the consumer is allowed.
The use of additional geographical and toponymic indications is also allowed, referring to fractions, areas defined administratively and toponyms included in the area defined in the previous art. 3 and from which actually the grapes from which the so qualified wine was obtained. (Attachment 1).
It is also possible for the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to modify, upon request by the Region, after hearing the protection consortium recognized in accordance with current legislation.
For the wines with controlled and guaranteed designation of origin «Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva» and «Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva» Classico, only glass containers of the capacity up to 3.00 liters are allowed.
Link with the environment
A) Information on the geographical area
Natural factors relevant for the link
The geographical area delimited for the production of Verdicchio DOCG is identified in part of the river basin of the Esino river, in the territories of 22 Municipalities of the Province of Ancona and 2 of Maceratastoricamente Castelli because gravitating in the politics and economy of Jesi which in 1194 gave births to Frederick II of Swabia.
The area is about 20 km from the sea and develops in the hills around the Esina valley which has an altitude of 96 meters above sea level in Jesi. up to 630 meters of Cingoli.
The soil and climatic characteristics of this territory are the product of the influence of the sea, the sun, the breezes, the rainfall and the shelter offered by the mountains that even exceed 2000 meters above sea level.
This produces a temperate climate suitable for the cultivation of vines and other Mediterranean crops. Starting from the sedimentary rocks orographically, the Marches are divided into three longitudinal bands:
pre-Apennine belt, Apennine belt, sub-Apennine hilly belt that arrives from the first almare.
The mesoclimate of the Marche hills and pedogenesis have created a differentiation of soils in the region with a predominance of limestone ridges.
The hilly areas, where the denomination develops, which flow into the Esino river basin have a high content of clays, a high percentage of calcium carbonate, poor permeability, erodibility, different pelitic and calcarenitic fraction.
The climate, in short, belongs to the "High hilly" phytoclimatic environment characterized by average rainfall of more than 700/800 mm per year and average temperatures below 14 ° C.
The soils originated in the area are somewhat varied and deep and underline the different dynamics of the slopes and the use of the land, agricultural or natural.
In these soils, the incidence of an obvious redistribution of limestone in the profile increases.
The flat part, of alluvial origin, has soils with almost always calcareous and stony materials. The profile shows an enrichment of organic substance.
The average altitude of the vineyards found in the delimited area of Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi is 70% between 80 and 280 meters above sea level. The highest vineyard is at an altitude of 750 meters. s.l.m ..
The slope of the land in the same area varies from 0 to 70% with a% presence of 85% of the vineyards included between the slope classes 2 - 35%.
The exposure of the vineyards in the demarcated area gathers all the four cardinal points including the intermediate positions. However, the east-west exposures outweigh the north-south exposures.
Average annual rainfall is 800 mm.
Winter and spring frosts are frequent in the area but do not affect vegetative activity as yet not started.
The maximum average temperature in the valley reaches 30 ° C in the months of July-August, which allows the best vegetative trend of the vine.
Human factors relevant to the link
The historical link between the vine and the geographical environment in the territory of the Marca Anconetana begins with the arrival of the Benedictine monks and to follow with the Camaldolese ones who reintroduce and spread traditional washings for centuries.
The monks in the Marche are therefore responsible for the handing down of wine-growing techniques, the improvement of the product and, above all, its shelf life.
With the spread of the sharecropping contract that creates widespread accommodation and availability of labor force, wine ceases to be a drink of the wealthy classes only and becomes food for the rural classes.
Already in the early 1500s the Spanish Herrera, a professor in Salamanca, describes the most common varieties and the white winemaking technique.
Among the names of the vines described there is the Verdicchio thus explained "white grape that has the grain petiole and shines more than any other. These vines are better in high and not humid places, than flat and in places of fat, and rested, because it has a very thin and tender last, of which it happens that it rot very soon, and it has the tendril so tender that in itself for the most part part of it all falls and at the time of the harvest it is necessary to gather it all on the ground, and for this reason it seeks a dry and non-windy place, very high in the hills. The wine of this vitame is better than any other white.
It keeps for a long time, it is very clear, odoriferous and sweet. But the grapes of it are not worth much to eat. "
And again, a significant historical link resulting from the unification of Italy in 1861 is the initiative relating to the institution of the Provincial Ampelographic Commission, promoted by the Prefect and chaired by the oenologist De Blasis, who in 1871 published the "First studies on the vines of the Province of Ancona ".
The different climatic, geomorphological realities of the territories have been reviewed and the cultivated vineyards are described, listing their characters and synonymies.
Verdicchio (or Verdeccio) is described for the area of Jesi. This is also the period of parasites: powdery mildew (1851), downy mildew (1879), phylloxera (1890). The time spent to find the solutions pushed the winegrowers to eliminate many clonal varieties present in the territory, favoring unknown vines in the regional wine history except the Verdicchio which was the most commercialized wine.
Further historical confirmation of this is what the scholar Arzelio Felini writes in StudiMarchigiani in 1905-6 “it has been over twenty years that our winemakers, in trying to solve the oenological-marquis problem, have abandoned the multiplication of the characteristic varieties of local vines to introduce the north and the south"
It was in the 1960s that EEC aid made it possible to renew all regional viticulture, passing from promiscuous (rows) cultivation to specialized cultivation (vineyards) with counter-espalier systems to improve the cultivation care and produce quality grapes.
In the ranking made by Di Rovasenda (1881) Verdicchio is declared the most prized Italian grape among the white grape varieties of the Marche.
Verdicchio wine acquired commercial notoriety at the beginning of the 1950s when two producers invested in the construction in one of the "castles" of a transformation cellar to process their own grapes and characterized the product with a typical bottle: the Etruscan amphora (designer Maiocchi) .
The commercial development was provided by another pharmaceutical industrialist who acquired the winery, which was followed by the enhancement with the designation of origin which allowed the current development of the DOC.
The sharecropping period provided for the division of the grapes between the owner and sharecropper and, consequently, the separate vinification in the respective homes. Different techniques and different skills did not allow to obtain a quality product. This comes with community support for investments in vineyards, wine-making plants and commercial structures which, thanks to the name, manage to achieve a remarkable development in the internal and international markets.
A mention should also be made of nursery activities.
Many small nurserymen worked in the area with their own mother plant farms that allowed to meet the demand in grafted cuttings so that the renewal of the 1960s' viticulture did not suffer varietal decompensation and pollution.
Then the nursery has assumed forms and values of national dimension for which the demand has been satisfied in availability and variety security.
B) Information on the quality or characteristics of the product essentially or exclusively attributable to the geographical environment
Wine that after an aging of 18 months of which you are in the bottle acquires a golden yellow color with green reflexes, acquires an intense aroma of ripe yellow fruit accompanied by elegant hints of citrus combined with notes of honey that together give great complexity and persistence. With a persuasive taste, soft but with great character and power, with a very prolonged, warm and elegant flavor; it re-proposes in its great character the fruity notes in continuous evolution.
C) Description of the causal interaction between the elements referred to in letter A) and those referred to in letter B)
The formation of the valley of the Esino river is quite wide, flat up to the foothills, the hilly orography, the gentle slopes where the vineyards are located, the wide opening towards the sea, the attenuated ventilation, the pedology that has a texture of the somewhat gravelly agrarian soil and fine soil determine a chemical-physical structure of the cultivated land which is particularly suitable for vine cultivation.
The best grapes that can exploit the minerality of the agricultural land are conditioned by altitude. In fact, the grape variety located between 300/500 meters above sea level. it has the best development and the best qualitative performance, a sign that the exposure and ventilation affect the grape product quite significantly.
Certainly the man-winegrower has been able to make these observations by drawing information from them in making investments and in determining the production area in the Jesini Hills.
Equally specific observation of man concerns the pruning which must be long to contain a high number of buds on the shoots as the buds proximal to the shoots often do not sprout.
References to the control structure
Name and address:
Valoritalia company for the certification of quality and Italian wine production S.r.l.
Via Piave, 24 - 00187 Rome
The company "Valoritalia company for the certification of Italianes.rl quality and wine production", based in Rome, Via Piave, 24, is the control body authorized by the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, pursuant to Article 13 of the legislative decree n. 61/2010 (Annex 2) which carries out the annual verification of compliance with the provisions of this specification, in accordance with article 25, par. 1, paragraph 1, letter a) and c), and article 26 of Reg. (EC) n.607 / 2009, for the products benefiting from the PDO, through a methodology of systematic checks throughout the entire production chain ( viticulture, processing, packaging), in accordance with article 25, par. 1, 2nd paragraph, letter c).
In particular, this verification is carried out in compliance with a predetermined control plan, approved by the Ministry, in compliance with the model approved with the Ministerial Decree of 2 November 2010, published in the Official Gazette no. 271 of 19-11-2010 (Annex 3).